The Definitive Guide to Invoice Discounting: 2023 Edition


Invoice discounting graphic

As a business owner, managing cash flow is essential to keep your company afloat. One of the most effective ways to improve your cash flow is through invoice discounting.

Invoice discounting is a financing option that allows you to borrow money against your outstanding invoices.

In this guide, we will explore everything you need to know about invoice discounting, from what it is to how it works, and when to use it.

We’ll also compare it to other financing options, and provide tips on how to choose the right provider and apply for invoice discounting.

The Definitive Guide to Invoice Discounting Graphic

Key takeaways

  • Invoice discounting allows businesses to borrow money against their outstanding invoices.
  • It’s an effective way to manage cash flow issues, take growth opportunities, and stabilise seasonal businesses.
  • Confidential invoice discounting is a type of invoice discounting that allows businesses to maintain control over their customer relationships.
  • Invoice discounting is different from invoice factoring, which involves selling your invoices to a third party.
  • When choosing an invoice discounting provider, consider their fees, flexibility, and customer service.
  • Before applying for invoice discounting, make sure you have a solid understanding of your cash flow needs and your creditworthiness.

What is invoice discounting?

Invoice discounting is a financing option that allows businesses to borrow money against their outstanding invoices. It’s a way for businesses to get paid faster by using their invoices as collateral. The lender pays a percentage of the invoice value upfront, and the business repays the loan once the customer pays the invoice. Invoice discounting is a flexible option that allows businesses to access funds quickly and without the restrictions of traditional bank loans.

What is confidential invoice discounting?

Confidential invoice discounting is a type of invoice discounting that allows businesses to maintain control over their customer relationships. In confidential invoice discounting, the lender provides funding to the business without contacting the customer. The business retains control over the collection of invoices and maintains the appearance of normal business operations.

How does invoice discounting work?

Invoice discounting involves three parties: the business, the lender, and the customer. Here’s how it works:

  1. The business raises an invoice for goods or services provided to the customer.
  2. The business submits the invoice to the lender for verification.
  3. The lender pays a percentage of the invoice value upfront (usually 80-90%).
  4. The customer pays the invoice. The payment is made into a nominated bank account. The lender deducts their fees and interest charges from the payment.

When should you use invoice discounting?

Invoice discounting is an effective way to manage cash flow issues, take growth opportunities, and stabilise seasonal businesses. Here are some specific scenarios where invoice discounting can be useful:

  • When you have outstanding invoices and need cash to pay bills, employees, or suppliers.
  • When you have growth opportunities that require additional funding, such as expanding your product line or entering new markets.
  • When your business experiences seasonal fluctuations in cash flow and needs support during slow periods.
  • When you run a small business and don’t have access to traditional bank loans.

LEARN MORE: Read our tips on how to improve cash flow for seasonal businesses.

The difference between invoice discounting and factoring

While invoice discounting and factoring are both financing options that involve using outstanding invoices to improve cash flow, they have some key differences.

With invoice discounting, the business retains control over its sales ledger and collection process, while the lender only provides an advance against the invoice value.

On the other hand, factoring involves selling the outstanding invoices to the lender, who then takes over the responsibility of collecting payments from the customers.

How to choose the right invoice discounting provider?

When choosing an invoice discounting provider, it’s essential to consider factors such as the provider’s reputation, experience, and expertise in your industry. You should also look for a provider that offers competitive rates, flexible terms, and excellent customer service. It’s also crucial to check the provider’s eligibility criteria to ensure that you meet their requirements.

See examples of how we helped our clients grow with invoice discounting

Here are some examples of how we helped our clients achieve their business goals with invoice discounting:

Case study 1: A small business was facing cash flow issues due to slow-paying customers. By using invoice discounting, the business was able to free up funds and maintain operations while waiting for customers to pay their invoices.

Case study 2: A growing business needed to purchase new equipment to keep up with demand but lacked the necessary funds. By using invoice discounting, the business was able to access the capital it needed to purchase the equipment without waiting for customers to pay their invoices.

Case study 3: A seasonal business experienced a slowdown during the off-season and needed to bridge the cash flow gap until business picked up again. By using invoice discounting, the business was able to access funds based on its outstanding invoices and maintain operations until the busy season returned.

These are just a few examples of how invoice discounting can help businesses of all sizes and types overcome cash flow challenges and achieve their growth objectives. Contact us today to learn how we can help your business with its financing needs.

The drawbacks of invoice discounting

While invoice discounting can be a valuable tool for cash flow management, it is crucial to recognise and address the potential drawbacks and misconceptions associated with it.

The primary drawback of invoice discounting that needs to be clearly understood is that it does not mitigate the risk of non-payment by customers.

In the event that a customer fails to pay the invoice, the business remains responsible for repaying the lender, along with any accrued interest and fees.

Consequently, this can lead to cash flow difficulties and financial strain for the business.

Another drawback to consider is that certain lenders may impose exorbitant fees or incorporate hidden terms and conditions, making it challenging for businesses to repay their loans.

To navigate these potential issues, it is essential to conduct thorough research and compare different lenders before making a choice.

Seeking recommendations from other businesses that have utilised invoice discounting can also prove helpful.

Tips for effectively managing the risks of invoice discounting

To effectively manage the risks associated with invoice discounting, businesses can implement the following tips:

  • Partner with reputable lenders: Only engage with well-established and trustworthy lenders who have a proven track record in providing invoice discounting services.
  • Understand the terms and conditions: Before signing any agreement, thoroughly comprehend the terms and conditions of the invoice discounting arrangement. Seek clarification for any uncertainties to ensure a clear understanding of the obligations and potential risks involved.
  • Select customers with a good credit history: Discount invoices only from customers with a demonstrated history of prompt and reliable payment. This reduces the likelihood of non-payment and mitigates associated risks.
  • Monitor cash flow: Maintain a vigilant eye on cash flow and carefully assess whether the business can comfortably meet the monthly repayment obligations associated with the invoice discounting arrangement. Regularly review the financial health of the business to ensure it can sustain the ongoing payments.

By following these tips, businesses can harness the benefits of invoice discounting to enhance cash flow while effectively mitigating potential risks and safeguarding their financial future.

Advantages of invoice discounting

Invoice discounting provides businesses with quick access to cash by allowing them to sell their outstanding invoices to a third-party lender at a discounted rate. This means that businesses can receive payment for their invoices sooner, which can help them manage their cash flow and meet their financial obligations more easily.

It provides a reliable and flexible source of funding, improving cash flow and allowing for better management of day-to-day operations.

With invoice discounting, businesses can enjoy consistency in their cash flow, which can help them make strategic decisions for growth and expansion.

Additionally, invoice discounting does not require businesses to put up collateral, as is often the case with traditional bank loans. This can be especially beneficial for businesses that may not have the assets to secure a loan. Invoice discounting is also often a more flexible financing option than traditional bank loans, as businesses can choose which invoices to sell and when to sell them.

In summary, invoice discounting offers businesses a powerful way to obtain quick access to cash and greater flexibility in financing arrangements by leveraging their accounts receivables, all without the need for collateral. This can significantly improve cash flow and day-to-day operations, making it a highly attractive and valuable financing option for businesses in need of working capital.

At Fifo Capital, we understand that some businesses may be hesitant to explore invoice financing options due to the perceived higher cost. However, we believe that the benefits of invoice discounting far outweigh any additional fees or charges.

How Fifo Capital works is to work closely with our clients to tailor our finance solutions to their specific needs, helping them access single or selective invoice finance or establish a whole-of-book setup. This allows businesses to make the most of their accounts receivable and improve their cash flow, ultimately helping them better run their business and achieve their goals.

FURTHER READING: Learn more about working capital

Alternatives to invoice discounting

It’s important to understand that finance solutions often work best when used in combination. While invoice discounting can be a great option for businesses, there are also other financing options to consider. These include supply chain financing, business loans, and trade finance.

To choose the best financing solution for your business, it’s crucial to evaluate your specific needs and goals carefully. For example, if you need funding to pay suppliers or improve your cash flow, supply chain financing may be the best option.

So, while invoice discounting can be a valuable financing option, it’s important to consider other options as well. By working with the right lender and evaluating your business’s specific needs and goals, you can identify the best financing solution to help your business thrive.

READ MORE: See our guide to trade finance for Australian SMEs | Learn about the advantages of supply chain financing.

Calculating the cost of invoice discounting

Calculating the cost of invoice discounting involves considering several factors. These factors include:

  • Discount rate: This is the fee charged by the provider for advancing funds based on your outstanding invoices. It is usually calculated as a percentage of the invoice amount and can vary depending on the provider and your business’s risk profile.
  • Interest rate: If the provider is advancing funds to you for an extended period of time, they may charge interest on the amount borrowed.
  • Other fees: Depending on the provider, there may be additional fees for services such as credit checks, due diligence, or termination.

To calculate the total cost of invoice discounting, add up all of these fees and charges. It’s important to compare the costs among different providers to ensure you are getting the best deal. Contact our team for a quick quote and assessment.

Eligibility requirements

If you want to get invoice discounting, you need to meet certain requirements. Here are some of the most common ones:

  • Your business has to be an official legal entity and have an active ABN or ACN.
  • You need to make a certain amount of money each month or year, but the exact amount depends on the lender.
  • You must have a good credit score to show that you can pay back the money you borrow.
  • The invoices you want to get financing for have to be for goods or services that have already been delivered and accepted by the customer.
  • The invoices must also be due within a certain time frame, like 30, 60, or 90 days.
  • You usually have to have at least $50,000 worth of outstanding invoices to qualify for invoice discounting. This means the lender wants to see that you have a decent amount of invoices that they can finance.

Different lenders may have slightly different requirements, so it’s important to check with them directly to make sure you meet their eligibility criteria.

How to apply for invoice discounting?

To apply for invoice discounting, you will typically need to provide information such as your business’s financial statements, invoices, and customer information. The lender will evaluate your application and determine whether you meet their eligibility criteria.

If approved, you will receive a cash advance against your outstanding invoices, which you can use to improve your cash flow.

However, unlike factoring, the lender doesn’t take over the management of your accounts receivable. You’ll still be responsible for collecting payments from your customers and forwarding them to the lender to repay the advance, along with any fees or interest charged.


Invoice discounting can be an effective way for businesses to improve their cash flow and manage their finances more effectively. However, it’s important to note that there are other forms of working capital solutions that can also assist you in fixing your cash flow and accelerating your business growth.

For SMEs, supply chain finance is another highly effective option to access the funds needed. The choice between these financing solutions depends on the specific needs and circumstances of your business.

By partnering with a reputable and experienced provider, businesses can gain access to the necessary funds to seize new opportunities, navigate seasonal fluctuations, and foster long-term growth.

Whether you’re a small business owner or a large corporation, invoice discounting offers the flexibility and support required to thrive in today’s competitive business environment. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate your business requirements and work with a trusted provider to select the financing solution that best aligns with your goals and enables your success.

Call to action graphic: Level up your business using your working capital

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